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Sickle Cell Anemia

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Sickle Cell Anemia

Sickle cell anemia (also called sickle cell disease or SCD) is an inherited disease in which a person does not have enough healthy red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout the body.

Sickle cell disease is the most common genetic disease in the world and is most common in people whose families come from Africa, South or Central America (especially Panama), Caribbean islands, Mediterranean countries (such as Turkey, Greece, and Italy), India, and Saudi Arabia.

In the United States, about 1 in every 500 African Americans are born with the disease. Hispanic Americans also are affected at a rate of about 1 in 1,000 to 1,400.

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